6.5-4 Kidnapping with a Firearm -- § 53a-92a and § 53a-94a
Revised to December 1, 2007
Note: The degree of the offense depends on the degree of the underlying crime.
The defendant is charged [in count __] with kidnapping in the (first/second) degree with a firearm. The statute defining this offense reads in pertinent part as follows:
a person is guilty of kidnapping in the (first/second) degree with a firearm when (he/she) commits kidnapping in the (first/second) degree and in the commission of said crime (he/she) (uses / is armed with and threatens the use of / displays or represents by (his/her) words or conduct that (he/she) possesses) a pistol, revolver, machine gun, shotgun, rifle or other firearm.
For you to find the defendant guilty of this charge, the state must prove the following elements beyond a reasonable doubt:
Element 1 - Committed
The first element is that the defendant committed kidnapping in the (first/second) degree. <Insert instruction for underlying crime:>
§ 53a-92 (a) (1): Kidnapping in the First Degree (Ransom), Instruction 6.5-1.
§ 53a-92 (a) (2): Kidnapping in the First Degree, Instruction 6.5-2.
§ 53a-94: Kidnapping in the Second Degree, Instruction 6.5-3.
Element 2 - With a firearm
The second element is that in the commission of the kidnapping the defendant <insert as appropriate:>1
used a firearm.
was armed with and threatened the use of a firearm.
displayed or represented by (his/her) words or conduct that (he/she) possessed a firearm. [It is not required that what the defendant represents to be a firearm be loaded or that the defendant actually have a firearm. It need only be represented by words or conduct that (he/she) is so armed.]
<Describe specific allegations regarding firearm.> "Firearm" means any sawed-off shotgun, machine gun, rifle, shotgun, pistol, revolver or other weapon, whether loaded or unloaded, from which a shot may be discharged.2 You must find that the firearm was operable at the time of the incident.3
In summary, the state must prove beyond a reasonable doubt that the defendant <insert the concluding summary from the instruction for the underlying crime>, and that in the commission of the kidnapping, (he/she) (used / threatened the use of / displayed or represented that (he/she) had) a (pistol / revolver / machine gun / shotgun / rifle / firearm).
If you unanimously find that the state
has proved beyond a reasonable doubt each of the elements of the crime of
kidnapping in the first degree with a firearm, then you shall find the defendant
guilty. On the other hand, if you unanimously find that the state has failed to
prove beyond a reasonable doubt any of the elements, you shall then find the
defendant not guilty.
1 Carefully tailor this part of the instruction according to the nature of the conduct alleged and the type of firearm involved. See State v. Tomlin, 266 Conn. 608, 626-27 (2003) (allegation of "did shoot" only supported instructing on the first of three distinct methods of committing the offense).
"No person shall be convicted of kidnapping in the first degree and kidnapping in the first degree with a firearm upon the same transaction but such person may be charged and prosecuted for both such offenses upon the same information." General Statutes § 53a-92a (a).
"No person shall be convicted of
kidnapping in the second degree and kidnapping in the second degree with a
firearm upon the same transaction but such person may be charged and prosecuted
for both such offenses upon the same information." General Statutes § 53a-94a