A "deadly weapon" is
defined by statute as any weapon, whether loaded or unloaded, from which
a shot may be discharged, or a switchblade knife, gravity knife, billy,
blackjack, bludgeon, or metal knuckles.
If the weapon is a
firearm, it may be unloaded, but it must be in such condition that a
shot may be discharged from it. Thus, if the weapon is loaded but out
of working order, it is not a deadly weapon. If the weapon is unloaded
but in working order, it is a deadly weapon.
General Statutes § 53a-3 (6) (applies to Penal Code).
The statutory definition explicitly excludes its application to either §
29-38 or § 53-206.
"Although both deadly weapons and firearms are
designed for violence and are capable of inflicting death or serious
bodily injury, firearms are limited to the most dangerous weapons and
deadly weapons include a broader class." State v. Hardy, 278
Conn. 113, 132 (2006) (finding that an air pistol was a deadly weapon
within the meaning of § 53a-3 (6)); State v. Guzman, 110 Conn.
App. 263, 274-76 (2008) (concluding that a BB gun is a deadly weapon as
a matter of law).
The phrase "from
which a shot may be discharged" in the definition of "firearm" has been
interpreted as requiring that the firearm is operable. State v.
Belanger, 55 Conn. App. 2, 7, cert. denied, 251 Conn. 921, cert.
denied, 530 U.S. 1205, 120 S.Ct. 2200, 147 L.Ed.2d 235 (1999).
See Note in definition of
firearm for a discussion of the overlap among