History of the Connecticut Judicial Seal Home Home BannerBanner

 

 


 

 

 

 

 

   
Criminal Jury Instructions

Criminal Jury Instructions Home

8.5-1  Falsely Reporting an Incident in the First Degree -- § 53a-180 (a) (1)

Revised to December 1, 2007

The defendant is charged [in count __] with falsely reporting an incident in the first degree.  The statute defining this offense reads in pertinent part as follows:

a person is guilty of falsely reporting an incident in the first degree when, knowing the information reported, conveyed or circulated to be false or baseless, such person initiates or circulates a false report or warning of an alleged occurrence or impending occurrence of a fire, explosion, catastrophe or emergency under circumstances in which it is likely that public alarm or inconvenience will result.

For you to find the defendant guilty of this charge, the state must prove the following elements beyond a reasonable doubt:

Element 1 - Reported a fire, explosion, catastrophe or emergency
The first element is that the defendant initiated or circulated a report or warning about an alleged occurrence or impending occurrence of a fire, explosion, catastrophe or emergency.  <Insert specific allegations.>

Element 2 - False or baseless
The second element is that the information reported or contained in such report or warning was false or baseless.  "False" means not true.  "Baseless" means groundless, without any foundation in fact.   

Element 3 - Knowledge
The third element is that the defendant knew that such information was false or baseless.  A person acts "knowingly" with respect to conduct or circumstances when (he/she) is aware that (his/her) conduct is of such nature or that such circumstances exist.  <See Knowledge, Instruction 2.3-3.>

Element 4 - Public harm or inconvenience
The fourth element is that the defendant initiated or circulated such false report or warning under circumstances in which it was likely that public alarm or inconvenience would result.

"Public" refers to a whole body of people or an entire community, or the inhabitants of a particular place, or a neighborhood, or the people at large.  "Inconvenience" means serious hardship or injustice to individuals.

Conclusion

In summary, the state must prove beyond a reasonable doubt that 1) the defendant initiated or circulated a report or warning about an alleged occurrence or impending occurrence of a fire, explosion, catastrophe or emergency, 2) the report or warning was false or baseless, 3) the defendant knew that the report was false or baseless, and 4) (he/she) acted under circumstances in which it was likely that public alarm or inconvenience would result.

If you unanimously find that the state has proved beyond a reasonable doubt each of the elements of falsely reporting an incident in the first degree, then you shall find the defendant guilty.  On the other hand, if you unanimously find that the state has failed to prove beyond a reasonable doubt any of the elements, you shall then find the defendant not guilty.
 


 

Attorneys | Case Look-up | Courts | Directories | Educational Resources | E-Services | Español | FAQ's | Juror Information | Media | Opinions | Opportunities | Self-Help | Home

Common Legal Words | Contact Us | Site Map | Website Policies and Disclaimers

Copyright © 2011, State of Connecticut Judicial Branch