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Civil Jury Instructions

Civil Jury Instructions Home 

Jury ChairsPart 3: Torts

3.1 CAUSATION
3.1-1 Legal Cause
3.1-2 Cause in Fact
3.1-3 Proximate Cause - Definition
3.1-4 Proximate Cause - Substantial Factor
3.1-5 Proximate Cause - Multiple Causes
3.1-6 Proximate Cause - Intervening Cause
3.1-7 Proximate Cause - Foreseeable Risk
3.1-8 Proximate Cause - Superseding Cause

3.2 STANDARD OF PROOF
3.2-1 Standard of Proof
3.2-2 Clear and Convincing Evidence

3.3 DEFENSES
3.3-1 Statute of Limitation Defense - General
3.3-2 Statute of Limitation Defense - Occurrence not Discovery
3.3-3 Statute of Limitation Defense - Tolling Doctrines
3.3-4 Governmental Immunity - Municipal Employee

3.3-5 Governmental Immunity - Imminent Harm Exception

3.4 DAMAGES
3.4-1 Damages - General
3.4-2 Damages - Double or Treble
3.4-3 Damages - Loss of Consortium
3.4-4 Damages - Punitive
3.4-5 Damages - Fear Resulting from an Increased Risk of Future Medical Treatment and Disability
3.4-6 Damages - Compensation for Increased Risk of Injury
3.4-7 Damages - Wrongful Death
3.4-8 Damages - Duty to Mitigate (or Minimize)
3.4-9 Damages - Economic without Non-Economic

3.5 COMPARATIVE NEGLIGENCE
3.5-1 Comparative Negligence - General
3.5-2 Defendant's Specification of Negligence
3.5-3 Plaintiff's Duty of Care
3.5-4 Rules of Comparative Negligence
3.5-5 Allocation of Negligence - Two Defendants with a Special Defense of Comparative Negligence
3.5-6 Apportionment Claim - One Defendant (No Special Defense) and One Apportionment Respondent Only
3.5-7 Apportionment - One Defendant (With Special Defense of Comparative Negligence) and One Non-Defendant Apportionment Respondent

3.6 GENERAL NEGLIGENCE
3.6-1 Negligence - Definition
3.6-2 Distinction between Statutory and Common-Law Negligence
3.6-3 Common-Law Negligence Defined
3.6-4 Reasonable Care
3.6-5 Standard of Care Applicable to Children
3.6-6 Standard of Care of Others in Relation to Children
3.6-7 Duty - Foreseeability
3.6-8 Standard of Care of Volunteer (Common Law)
3.6-9 Standard of Care of Person Suffering from an Infirmity
3.6-10 Specifications of Negligence - Complaint
3.6-11 Specifications of Negligence - Special Defense
3.6-12 Need for Actual Injury
3.6-13 Negligence Per Se - Statutory Negligence
3.6-14 Excused or Justified Violation of Statute
3.6-15 Rescue Doctrine
3.6-16 Unavoidable Accident

3.7 AUTOMOBILE
3.7-1 Statutory Negligence - Reckless Driving
3.7-2 Statutory Negligence - Speeding
3.7-3 Statutory Negligence - Traveling Unreasonably Fast
3.7-4 Statutory Negligence - Slow Speed
3.7-5 Statutory Negligence - Passing
3.7-6 Statutory Negligence - Left Turn
3.7-7 Statutory Negligence - Right of Way at Intersections
3.7-8 Statutory Negligence - Lights
3.7-9 Statutory Negligence - Unsafe Tires
3.7-10 Statutory Negligence - Brakes
3.7-11 Statutory Negligence- Failing to Drive a Reasonable Distance Apart
3.7-12 Statutory Negligence - Driving in Right-Hand Lane
3.7-13 Statutory Negligence - Falling Asleep While Driving
3.7-14 Negligence - Un/Under-Insured Motorist
3.7-15 Right to Assume that Others Will Obey the Law
3.7-16 Lookout
3.7-17 Failure to Sound Horn
3.7-18 Sudden Emergency
3.7-19 Family Car Doctrine - General Statutes § 52-182
3.7-20 Presumption of Agency

3.8 PROFESSIONAL MALPRACTICE
3.8-1 Professional Malpractice - General
3.8-2 Fiduciary Duty
3.8-3 Medical Malpractice
3.8-4 Informed Consent
3.8-5 Legal Malpractice
3.8-6 Legal Malpractice - Settlement Advice
3.8-7 Insurance Agent Malpractice

3.9 PREMISES LIABILITY
Status of Parties
3.9-1 Status of Parties - General
3.9-2 Status of Parties - Trespasser
3.9-3 Status of Parties - Licensee
3.9-4 Status of Parties - Invitee
3.9-5 Status of Parties - Children
3.9-6 Status of Parties - Invitee of Tenant/Common Areas
3.9-7 Status of Parties - Business Invitee of Tenant
3.9-8 Status of Parties - Exceeding the Limits of Invitee

Control

3.9-9 Control
3.9-10 Joint Control
3.9-11 Notice and/or Control Admitted

Notice

3.9-12 Actual Notice of Condition
3.9-13 Constructive Notice - Invitee
3.9-14 Imputing Knowledge to Principal from Agent
3.9-15 Notice of Specific Defect
3.9-16 Reasonable Time to Remedy after Notice
3.9-17 Commercial Mode of Operation

Duty of Care

3.9-18 Defendant Does Not Guarantee Safety
3.9-19 Reasonable Care
3.9-20 Plaintiff's Duty to Use Faculties

Nuisance

3.9-21 Nuisance - Introductory Note
3.9-22 Private Nuisance - Injury to Property
3.9-23 Private Nuisance - Damages
3.9-24 Public Nuisance - Personal Injury
3.9-25 Public or Private Nuisance - Municipality
3.9-26 Public or Private Nuisance - Control
3.9-27 Public Nuisance - Intentional or Negligent

Other

3.9-28 Duty to Protect from Wrongful Conduct of Third Persons
3.9-29 Negligence of Independent Contractor
3.9-30 State Highway Defect Case
3.9-31 Municipal Sidewalk (Road, Bridge) Defect
3.9-32 Municipal Sidewalk (Road, Bridge) Snow and Ice
3.9-33 Strict Liability of One Who Keeps a Dog
3.9-34 Duty to Remove Snow and Ice – Ongoing Storm

3.10 PRODUCT LIABILITY
3.10-1 Product Liability
3.10-2 Product Liability - Failure to Warn
3.10-3 Product Liability - Comparative Responsibility (Causation)
3.10-4 Product Liability - Misuse of a Product
3.10-5 Product Liability - Malfunction Doctrine
3.10-6 Product Liability - Alteration or Modification

3.11 DEFAMATION
General

3.11-1 Defamation

Libel and Slander

3.11-2 Libel
3.11-3 Libel Per Quod
3.11-4 Libel Per Se
3.11-5 Slander Per Se
3.11-6 Damages - Retraction under General Statutes § 52-237

Damages

3.11-7 Damages for Libel Per Quod
3.11-8 Damages for Libel/Slander Per Se

Defenses

3.11-9 Defenses - Privilege
3.11-10 Defenses - Truth
3.11-11 Defenses - Public Figure

3.12 EMOTIONAL DISTRESS
3.12-1 Intentional Infliction of Emotional Distress
3.12-2 Negligent Infliction of Emotional Distress

3.13 INTENTIONAL TORTS
3.13-1 Assault
3.13-2 Battery
3.13-3 False Imprisonment
3.13-4 Conversion
3.13-5 Vexatious Suit - Claim under General Statutes § 52-568
3.13-6 Vexatious Suit - Claim at Common Law
3.13-8 Abuse of Process
3.13-9 Defense of Good Faith Reliance Upon Advice of Counsel
3.13-10 Invasion of Privacy - False Light

3.14 EMPLOYMENT ACTIONS
3.14-1 Discriminatory Employment Practices - General Statutes § 46a-60
3.14-2 Promissory Estoppel
3.14-3 Wrongful Discharge
3.14-4 Fradulent/Intentional Misrepresentation
3.14-5 Discharge in Violation of General Statutes § 31-51m, Whistleblower Statute
3.14-6 Retaliatory Discharge in Violation of General Statutes § 31-290a
3.14-7 Wrongful Termination in Violation of General Statutes § 31-51q – Freedom of Speech
3.14-8 Suarez Exception to Workers’ Compensation

3.15 TORTIOUS INTERFERENCE
3.15-1 Tortious Interference - General
3.15-2 Tortious Interference - Existing Contract
3.15-3 Tortious Interference - Business Expectancy
3.15-4 Tortious Interference - Knowledge
3.15-5 Tortious Interference - Interference Must be Tortious
3.15-6 Tortious Interference - Actual Loss
3.15-7 Tortious Interference - Damages
3.15-8 Tortious Interference - Punitive Damages

3.16 MISREPRESENTATION
3.16-1 Negligent Misrepresentation
3.16-2 Fraud or Intentional Misrepresentation

3.17 DRAM SHOP
3.17-1 Dram Shop Act
 

  

1. Preliminary and Trial Instructions2. General Instructions 3. Torts | 4. Contracts | 5. Miscellaneous Actions | 6. Verdict Forms


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